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Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Forest Dwellers In India

In December 2006, Government of India passed a well demanded bill of “Forest Rights Act” to safeguard the rights of forest dwellers i.e. scheduled tribes and other traditional forest dwellers. This law is also known as “ Tribal Rights Act” or simply “Tribal Bill”.

The law gives the rights of land and other resources, denied to them over decades due to traditional colonial forest laws in India. This law came into effect from December 2007. For this law to come into effect various massive demonstrations took place all over India.

Various rights that were envisaged in the laws are:

Ø  Right to live in the forest.
Ø  Right to use and dispose of minor forest produce.
Ø  Right to protect, regenerate forest resource.
Ø Rights of settlement and conversion of all forest villages     whether recorded or not into revenue villages.

All in all, title rights, use rights, relief and development rights and forest management rights were given to the forest developers.

The question is why this law is in news today and why we are focusing on the rights of this law. This is because, recently Supreme Court of India rejected the claims of nearly 1.12 million households from 17 states under the Forest Rights Act 2006.This is a huge setback for the forest dwellers. Moreover, Supreme court also directed the states to evict all of them before 27 July.

It is said that the forest inhabited by the tribals and adivasis are the ones that are best conserved contrary to the inhabitation of other people. Tribals are best people who knows the well being of the forest they live in.

Supreme Court took no notice of various other work that are continuously going on illegally and that are degrading our environment seriously. Illegal mining activities, trafficking etc. are going on everywhere but they are not facing any serious hindrance and they continue to do what they are suppose to do.

Where will these tribal people go after this and the bigger question is that who are going to take care of forests and the wildlife.

The situation is even worse that Government has already proposed to amend the Indian Forest Act ,1927 that will give complete authority to the forest officials. We all are aware of the situations where only few persons enjoy the complete rights.

We do not know what is going to come in the near future but when it comes then that will be too late then and it is our children or grandchildren who have to pay the price.

Mahatma Gandhi’s words: “ A time is coming when those, who are in the mad rush today of multiplying their wants, vainly thinking that they add to the real substance, real knowledge of the world, will retrace their steps and say: ‘ what have we done? ‘ “

Saturday, March 30, 2019

Carbon Dioxide Emission

As per the latest report published by the International Energy Agency India’s carbon dioxide emissions up by 5%. India emitted 2,299 million tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2018, approximately 5% higher than the previous year.

The report also says that China, United States of America and India together accounted for nearly 70% of the rise in energy demand. It also pointed out that the India’s emissions growth in the year 2018 was higher than that of United States and China.

As per India’s commitments to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, it has promised to reduce the emissions by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. India is also committed to fulfill its 40% energy requirements from renewable energy sources by 2030. India’s plan is to achieve 175 GW from renewable energy by 2022 of which 100 GW will come from solar energy.

CO2 emission region wise

The rise in the carbon dioxide emissions in India is due to more consumption of coal to meet the rising energy demand. Efficiency of coal is also not up to the mark and hence more coal is burnt as compared to other energy sources.

Overall energy consumption in 2018 increased at nearly double the average rate of growth since 2010. This all has happened due to the rising demand for fuels in the recent years. Solar and wind energy also posted to a double digit growth.

The United States had the highest increase in oil and gas demand worldwide. Energy demand is increasing day by day and there is intense need of renewable energy resources otherwise like India ,other countries will also start using coal to meet their rising energy demand.

World is consuming natural resources at a rate far far more than its replenish capacity. This creates  an imbalance between the resources and its consumption. Though, countries are trying to reduce this imbalance but that amount of effort is negligible in comparison to the extent of the situation.

For example, India vowed to completely wipe out the “single use of plastics” by the year 2025 but we are lacking the pace to achieve that and that is why United Nations conference moved this target to the year 2030 globally.

Scientists and researchers says that there is still time to recover from these situations and if it is not done in time then it will create a huge loss to our Earth that might not be compensated anyhow.      

Thursday, March 21, 2019

Nurture E@rth: Air Quality in Indian States

Nurture E@rth: Air Quality in Indian States: World Health Organisation released a report on worst air quality in cities around the world. Sadly, among the top 20, fifteen cities are ...

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Air Quality in Indian States

World Health Organisation released a report on worst air quality in cities around the world. Sadly, among the top 20, fifteen cities are from India. Gurugram, in Haryana, topped the list with average particulate matter (PM 2.5) of 135 g/m3 in 2018. According to WHO 10g/m3 of PM2.5 is admissible but more than this will be harmful for everyone. Indian cities have PM2.5 13-14 times more than the prescribe limit. India’s annual availability of Particulate Matter range from 40-60 g/m3.

When the ranking is done according to the country then Bangladesh is at the top position, at the second place we have Pakistan and at the third place we have India. This is not a respite for all of us because India is a big country and having fifteen of the top 20 cities in this list is a matter of huge concern for all of us.

List of Indian Cities

Ø  Gurugram (135.8)

Ø  Ghaziabad (135.2)

Ø  Faridabad (129.1)

Ø  Bhiwadi (125.4)

Ø  Noida (123.6)

Ø  Patna (119.7)

Ø  Lucknow (115.7)

Ø  Delhi (113.5)

Ø  Jodhpur (113.4)

Ø  Muzaffarpur (110.3)

Ø  Varanasi (105.3)

Ø  Moradabad (104.9)

Ø  Agra (104.8)

Ø  Gaya (96.6)

Ø  Jind (91.6)

Also, a report published by United Nations (UN) says that a quarter of all premature deaths and diseases worldwide are due to manmade pollution and environmental damage. It is found that poor environmental conditions cause approximately 25% of global disease and mortality.

It is an alarming situation for all of us and we need to take stronger actions as early as possible otherwise it is going to be too late to act. According to Global Environmental Outlook  India could save at least $3 trillion in healthcare cost if it implemented policy consistent with ensuring that the earth didn’t heat up beyond 1.5 Degrees Celsius.

We are not focusing on these threats as we are being forced to indulge in some other unnecessary things. This is also done to stay our focus away from these kind of things because if we see these kind of reports then we may starts questioning the system.

We need to take some stern actions against the factors that are causing these problems to this extent. Country has to plan a road map to curb these situations without involving any other things into this. It has to be at the supreme priority among all  the other things.